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What is a Cinquain?

A cinquain poem is a verse of five lines that do not rhyme. The cinquain poem was created by Adelaide Crapsey.

What is the structure of a cinquain?

A cinquain consists of 5 unrhymed lines.

Each line has a set number of syllables see below:

Line 1 – 2 syllables
Line 2 – 4 Syllables
Line 3 – 6 Syllables
Line 4 – 8 syllables
Line 5 – 2 Syllables

An example of a cinquain poem

My mum 2
Is so caring 4
She is always helpful 6
She is so beautiful and kind 8
Love you. 2

Why don't you try writing a cinquain poem and enter it into one of our poetry competitions.

For information on poetry types other than a cinquain visit our poetry glossary – poetry types.

Poetry Types

Acrostic Epigram Lyric Shakespearean Sonnet
Ballad Free verse Ottava rima Sonnet
Ballade Haiku Pantoum Tanka Poem
Blank verse Horatian Ode Pindaric Ode Terza rima
Cinquain Irregular Ode Riddle Tetractys
Diamante Kennings Rondeau Triolet
Echo Verse Kyrielle Senryu Tyburn
Epic Limerick Shape Poem  
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